In order to create a healthy and thriving food web, several key elements need to be in place working together. Unfortunately creating and maintaining a healthy Food Web is a lot more difficult then it seems. Until now, no single compost product has ever contained all the key characteristics to do this on its own. This is why Bison Soil is the one of the largest scientific breakthroughs in composting technology since the practice of composting was developed. After years of research and development, the scientists behind Bison Soil have created a unique and effective process of developing aged Bison manure coupled with specifically selected and tested additives. The result has created the most complete and self-sustaining Food Web compost product ever created.
Below is a depiction of all the n functionalities of a Food Web and how they work together to create a healthy Food Web. There are 5 distinct organisms that need to exist in the soil and be properly functioning in order to sustain a healthy thriving Food Web. Below we describe how our compost affects each of these and why it works unlike any other compost product in the world.
Bison Manure Compost Products represent the culmination of over a decade of research and actual field trials. The results are absolutely amazing. After extensive testing of massive windrows of composting Bison Manure, some over 10 years of age, we have discovered that as the manure ages and matures the biological complexity and diversity continues to intensify establishing high quality populations of active food web microbes.
- Bacteria- Bacteria must be present to perform their functions of competing with disease-causing organisms, retaining nutrients and making micro aggregates to improve soil structure. Bison Soil formulas contain well-aged fully Composted Organic Bison Manure in balanced ratios to maximize beneficial microbial populations specifically selected and enhanced to inhabit the rhizosphere and help protect plant roots from soil borne diseases. This creates high levels of rhizobacteria which are the plant growth promoting microbes that ward off plant diseases and promote plant growth by enhancing nutrient uptake and or hormonal stimulation. This Rhizobacteria improves the production of IAA plant hormone (indo 1-3-acetic acid) increasing plant uptake of N,P,K and F from 13% to 25% as well as other plant growth regulators (PGR’s).
- Fungi- Fungi must be present to perform their functions of competing with the more difficult disease-causing organisms, retaining nutrients especially micronutrients like Ca, and making macro aggregates which form air passageways and hallways to allow air and water to move into the soil, and to allow good drainage. Tests have shown that Bison Soil Products produces an above average population of Active Fungi in the soil.
- Protozoans- Flagellates , Amoebae Ciliates). These are the three groups of protozoa and they are critical in a bacterial-dominated soil, because the plants need a way to access all the nutrients tied up in the bacteria. Nutrients within the bacteria cannot be obtained by plant roots, so Protozoa’s are necessary for this process. If the protozoa are too low in number, the nutrients remain tied up in bacterial and fungal bodies. The protozoan population numbers are exceptionally high in Bison Soil Products with tenfold increase particularly with flagellates and ciliates when compared to other non-bison based manure compost with peak microbe population levels occurring in compost five to seven years of age. It has also been determined that protozoans and Archaea forma unique relationships particularly ciliates and actually ‘farm’ these protozoans when in an anaerobic environment within the soil. This ‘opening up’ and thus making soils available for aerobic mineralization greatly increases available plant nutrients and the release of PGR’s (Plant Growth Regulators)
- Mycorrhizal Fungi- Mycorrhizal Fungi are not required by all plants but are absolutely necessary for others. Mycorrhizal fungi can protect the roots from disease organisms, through simple spatial interference, by improving nutrient uptake, and by producing glomulin and other metabolites that inhibit disease. Stress in plants can be reduced because the Mycorrhizal fungi can solubilize mineral nutrients from plant not-available forms to plant available forms, and translocate those nutrients to the root system in exchange for sugars provided by the plant. The percentage of Mycorrhizal colonization needs to remain above 40% in order to ensure the plants are getting the help they need from the fungi. In Bison Soil, we have met or exceeded this limit in all of the testing.
- Nematodes- Bacterial-feeding nematodes Fungal-feeding nematodes consume their prey groups, and in the case of bacterial- and fungal-feeders, release N, P, S, and micronutrients that would now be available to plants, if the majority of the cycling occurs in the root system. These nematodes also interfere with the ability of the root-feeding nematodes finding the root. The higher number of these organisms, the more nutrient cycling is occurring. Bison Soil testing showed that all of the beneficial nematodes that needed to exist were thriving in our compost.
Bison Soil Solutions has diligently tested their products with multiple labs year after year to provide our customers with the information needed to go beyond just “adding compost.” The following is a breakdown of our nutrients and ingredients based on test results from Earth Fort Labs and Texas Plant & Soil Lab. Both Bison Grow and Bison Bloom are neutral pH tested.
• Well-Aged, Bison Manure Compost Aged 5-7 years, fully organic and composted.
No other compost on the market compares
• Biochar A life raft for micro-organisms and water. Retains moisture and nutrients
• Dolomite Lime Stimulates and “sweetens” organic matter, maintains pH levels and retains
organic matter in your soil
• Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth Natural insect control – great for slugs, aphids and insects -
but does not kill micro nutrients or worms
• Montmorillonite Known as “Healing Clay,” this increases water retention and micro-organism growth; along with some pest resistance
• Soft Rock Phosphate Provides trace minerals to the roots and plant, especially beneficial in
slightly acidic soil
• Green Sand Provides trace minerals to the soil and enriches the organic content of your soil
without any chemicals. A slow releasing organic source of potassium
• Yucca Extract Provides trace minerals but also helps “wet” the soil to increase nutrient uptake
by reducing surface tension
MACRO and MICRO Nutrients
Bison Soil contains very high levels of natural slow releasing Primary Macro Nutrients:
• Nitrogen – essential component for all plant proteins, and key to strong growing plants
• Phosphorus – converts light energy and necessary for plant and seed growth
• Potassium – regulates water use, fruit coloration and regulates brix count.
Activates enzymes in photosynthesis
Bison Soil also contains healthy levels of the following Secondary Macro Nutrients:
• Sulphur – structural component in building amino acids and vitamins, and essential in
• Calcium – regulates the transport of nutrients into the plant, activates enzymes and is involved
• Magnesium – important part of chlorophyll and photosynthesis
• Silicon – strengthens cell walls and plant growth. Increases drought resistance while boosting
natural, pest-fighting systems
NO sedge peat, wood chips or other unnatural fillers.
100% available to the plant as a composted nutrient.
Bison Grow and Bison Bloom have been heavy-metals tested to ensure
there are no harmful elements inside of our products.